ECG Parameters for Malignant Ventricular Arrhythmias: A Comprehensive Review
Tham Cai Di
Many studies showed electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters are useful for predicting fatal ventricular arrhythmias (VAs). However, the studies have several shortcomings. Firstly, all studies lack of effective way to present behavior of various ECG parameters prior to the occurrence of the VAs. Secondly, they also lack of discussion on how to consider the parameters as abnormal. Thirdly, the reports do not include approaches to increase the detection accuracy for the abnormal patterns. The purpose of this study is to address the aforementioned issues. It identifies ten ECG parameters from various sources and then presents a review based on the identified parameters. From the review, it has been found that the increased risk of VAs can be represented by presence and certain abnormal range of the parameters. The variation of parameters range could be influenced by either gender or age. This study also has discovered the facts that averaging, outliers elimination and morphology detection algorithms can contribute to the detection accuracy.