Long-Term Oral Toxicity and Anti-osteoporotic Effect of Sintered Dicalcium Pyrophosphate in Rat Model of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
Sintered dicalcium pyrophosphate (SDCP), a synthetic pyrophosphate analog, has shown potential for the management of osteoporosis. The long-term oral toxicity and anti-osteoporotic effect of SDCP in a postmenopausal osteoporosis rat model were evaluated in this study. SDCP was orally administered to bilateral ovariectomized (OVX) Wistar rats at a dose of 0.75 mg/kg daily for 24 weeks following by 2 weeks of observation. There were no abnormal findings in clinical signs of toxicity, food consumption, body weight, blood examination, necropsy, and histological inspection attributable to the ingestion of SDCP. The serum level of type I collagen fragments, a bone resorption marker, decreased in SDCP-treated rats, and the bone formation markers alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and osteopontin significantly decreased. These findings indicate that the bone turnover rate decreased in SDCP-treated animals. Relative to OVX rats, the increase in serum tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b level represents an increase in bony tissues in the SDCP-treated rats. Histological examinations of distal femoral metaphyses further revealed that the ingestion of SDCP improved the trabecular bone architecture and decreased bone porosity. Analysis of limb bone ashes showed a significant increase in bone mineral content. Our results show that SDCP inhibits bone resorption to restore bone mass in OVX rats without deleterious effects, and therefore that SDCP has potential in the management of osteoporosis.